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Animal sciences and the many branches of zoology are concerned with the study
of animals and besides being some of the most prominent areas in science, they
are extremely fascinating to explore.
You only have to take a look at the diversity of marine life around coral reefs for example, just to see why. Just imagine all the species of animals and deep sea creatures that we haven't even discovered yet... amazing!
When it comes to science fair categories you might find that animal sciences and zoology are either treated separately or are sometimes lumped together; animal sciences being treated as a branch of zoology.
This is quite understandable. They after all, both involve the study of animals so one could be forgiven for asking; "what's the difference?" You might argue that this is one of those shades of gray matters but a purist will no doubt be quick to point out they are not the same.
They will probably argue that the field of animal science is more of an application of the different branches of zoology, whereas the study of zoology itself is the real deal study of the animal kingdom.
Specifically, the study of zoology can be categorized as belonging one of the many branches of biology. It focuses on the structure, function, behavior and evolution of animals irrespective of whether these animals are living or have been extinct for some time.
Of particular interest are the studies in animal embryology, physiology, growth and development. The studies into the classification and distribution of animals are also paid much attention in the study of zoology
the study of zoology is concerned with the animal
kingdom, animal history and animal life in general
There are many branches of zoology and although the list and descriptions you find here will not be exhaustive; I would be here for days otherwise, they will still give you a good idea of what is involved in the study of zoology.
Also if you happen to be looking for ideas for zoology science fair projects, the zoology information presented here will also hopefully help you identify which particular branch of zoology you would like to investigate in more detail.
In order to save a bit of space and so that this page doesn't quickly spiral out of control, I have made the description of the different fields involved in the study of zoology available in PDF format. Just click on the button below when you are ready and you will be able to view and easily print the list and descriptions if you wish.
The study of animal sciences is not actually a specific branch of zoology. It is a field of study that draws from the different branches of zoology as well as a variety of other scientific disciplines that explain how biological systems function especially in relation to livestock and other domesticated animal species.
So in a sense the study of zoology covers the nitty gritty study of the animal kingdom, whereas animal sciences draws from and applies this tested zoology information, especially as it relates to livestock and other domesticated animals.
What animal scientists do is to take this knowledge that has been acquired from the study of zoology as well as that gathered from other areas of science and apply it to the production and management of animals.
Animal sciences in a sense deals with animals mainly as economic resources. Zoology on the other hand is mainly concerned with the "pure" study of the animal kingdom and is not necessarily driven by economic outcomes.
The Intel International Science and Engineering Fair category that covers the study of animals is the animal sciences category. Although there is no category dedicated specifically to the study of zoology, this category does indeed cover several different branches of zoology.
If your science fair is Intel affiliated, you will probably find that some elements of the science fair categories used in the Intel science fair have been incorporated into the categories that have been set for your competition.
This may very well be the case, these fairs exist in nearly all the American states as well as in over 40 countries around the world.
The animal sciences category is divided into several subcategories and together these cover the study of the structure, physiology, development and classification of animals. Animal ecology and animal husbandry are also covered as well as histology and entomology.
The seven subcategories of the animal sciences science fair category cover the development, ecology, husbandry, pathology, physiology, systematics and population genetics of animals. A great variety of topics; you will definitely be able to find a great animal science fair project idea in them.
The animal sciences category is definitely a very interesting one and you will not have trouble generating ideas for science fair topics in this category. You could explore respiration in goldfish or the sleeping patterns of nocturnal animals as possible zoology science fair projects for example. Or you might even look into the factors affecting milk production in dairy cattle as an animal science fair project idea.
Washington State University. "WSU Animal Sciences - Undergraduate Studies." WSU Animal Sciences.
Allaby, Michael. A Dictionary of Zoology. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2009. Print.
Kirkpatrick, E. M., ed (1983). Chambers 20th Century Dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers. pp. 1524.
Miller, Stephen A., and John P. Harley. Zoology. Boston: McGraw-Hill/Higher Education, 2007. Print.
American Psychological Association (APA): zoology. (n.d.). Collins English Dictionary Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition.